The Consequences of Dog Bites

For majority of the American population, dogs have become a beloved companion. More than any other pet, dogs are well-loved for their lovely dispositions and the sense of safety they foster among their owners. Unfortunately, this isn’t always true for most people. It’s been well-noted that attacks made by aggressive dogs can result in serious injury. As noted in the website http://www.truslowlaw.com/, thousands of people suffer from injuries caused by dog bites every year in the United States.

Dogs can become dangerous once it turns to aggression. This usually happens whenever the dog feels scared or threatened. Such attacks can also occur with dogs that lack proper behavioral training. According to a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are certain breeds that are more predisposed to aggressive behavior. Some of the most dangerous dog breeds include Pit Bulls, Rottweilers, German Shepherds, Doberman Pinschers, and Chow Chows. These particular breeds can be especially powerful, causing injuries like lacerations, fractures, hemorrhaging, contusions, and nerve damage. Dog bites can also lead to bacterial and viral infections.

The devastating consequences of dog bites should be a cause for concern. The injuries that typically result from such an accident can leave a victim in serious pain. In some cases, dog bites victims can be left temporarily disabled, experiencing significant limitations in their mobility. The gravity of these consequences shows that preventing dog bites is of crucial importance.

There are several localities that have started to implement policies that can help on this regard. A specific policy involves requiring that dogs must be leashed whenever out in public areas. Such a regulation emphasizes the role of pet owners in ensuring that their dogs are properly trained and safely constrained to prevent any unwanted incident. It goes to show that the accountability for accidents involving dog attacks rest on the people who are meant to be responsible for the animal’s care.

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What Made Xarelto so Popular

People with medical conditions that made them susceptible to the abnormal or excessive formation of blood clots are typically prescribed with a blood thinner or anticoagulant. This is because these blood clots could travel up the blood stream and cause a stroke or some type of embolism, which can have devastating and permanent, if not immediately fatal, effects on a patient.

Back in 1950, researchers discovered that warfarin which was initially introduced into the market as a primary component in rat poison was also effective as an anticoagulant in humans. However, because warfarin had adverse interactions with certain food that contained vitamin K, its effect on the body had to be constantly monitored and the dose adjusted. This made it a chore to use although it was quite effective.

The newer anticoagulants like Xarelto (direct factor Xa (10-a) inhibitors or xabans) were much easier to use. They were taken once a day and there was no need for constant monitoring. However, they were so efficient that they thinned the blood too much and the patients began to bleed uncontrollably. Unfortunately, unlike warfarin which effects can be neutralized with a dose of Vitamin K, xabans like Xarelto had no known reversal agent, something that can be potentially disastrous.

In fact, quite a few patients have already died from serious Xarelto side effects, some have become permanently injured, all contributing to ongoing Food and Drug Administration (FDA) investigations into the properties and risks associated with Xarelto. Studies indicate that among all the xabans, Xarelto (rivaroxaban) is the most difficult to reverse in cases of severe bleeding. This is the basis for the first Xarelto lawsuit which was filed in Pennsylvania state court against Janssen Ortho LLC (a division of Johnson & Johnson) which handled the distribution of the drug in the US under license from Bayer Corp., which is to be named next in the lawsuit. More are expected to be filed as attention on the dangers of using the drug increase.

If you have sustained serious injury or an immediate family member died from the effects of Xarelto, you may have a personal injury or wrongful death case against Janssen and Bayer, among others. Consult with a dangerous drug lawyer to know more about this.

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Power Morcellators and the Threat of Cancer

Hysterectomy, according to the National Institutes of Health, is one surgery that many American women will have to undergo, due to uterus-related diseases that develop in them. And with 600,000 hysterectomies being performed every year, the procedure is recognized as the second most common surgery undergone by women in the US, the first being Caesarean section.

Hysterectomy is the surgical procedure for removing the uterus or the womb – a necessary treatment for chronic pelvic pain, cervical or ovarian cancer, cancer of the uterus, certain types of infections, vaginal bleeding, uterine fibroids (benign tumors that grow in the uterus), and so forth. Traditional hysterectomy procedures, such as abdominal and vaginal hysterectomies, necessitated long incisions (about five to seven inches in abdominal hysterectomy). With the introduction of the power morcellator, however, a device that can cut or divide (morcellate) large tissues into pieces small enough to allow these to be removed through the minimal incision sites, minimally invasive hysterectomies have become possible, rendering the procedure much safer and faster to perform, less painful, safer from infections, and the tiny incisions, faster to heal.

A power morcellator is specifically used in laparoscopic surgeries. [In a laparoscopic (minimally invasive) surgery, about four 0.5-1cm incisions are made. The different devices needed in the procedure, such as the morcellator and a laparoscope, or small camera, are inserted through these incisions].

The many benefits of the power morcellator made many doctors readily recommend its use in laparoscopic surgeries, specifically in hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) or myomectomy (removal of uterine fibroid) – until reports that the power device can cause the rapid spread of a cancerous tissue, called uterine sarcoma. The most common type of cancer that has been identified in women, who have received morcellation treatment, is leiomyosarcoma.

Following the reports was a safety alert from the US Food and Drug Administration, which discouraged further use of the power morcellator, due to the risk of cancer development in patients. Ethicon, the power morcellator manufacturing unit of Johnson & Johnson, was among the first to respond to the April 2014 safety alert from FDA. Besides suspending distribution and the worldwide sale of its morcellators, Ethicon also decided to voluntarily withdraw from the market its three famous devices: the Morcellex Sigma, the Gynecare X-Tract and the Gynecare Morcellex.

Power morcellator lawsuits are slowly growing in number and, Johnson & Johnson specifically, despite Ethicon’s decision, feels that the recall of the devices maybe a bit late as these may have already harmed a number of patients.

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Is Fractional Resurfacing Safe?

Lasers are being used with increasing frequency as non-invasive alternatives to traditional plastic surgery. While the results are not normally as dramatic, laser treatments are infinitely safer and have fewer side effects. One of the methods that use lasers for esthetic treatments is fractional resurfacing, also known as fractional laser treatment. It is often used to treat facial wrinkles, acne scars, and uneven skin tone due to sun exposure. It is also thought to be effective in reducing stretch marks.

Briefly, fractional resurfacing uses a laser which is split into a multitude of microscopic beams (hence fractional) destroying very thin layers of the damaged skin. New skin is produced to replace the damaged skin. For younger-looking skin, it is possible to use the method using lasers that merely tighten but not destroy the skin.

The safety of fractional resurfacing has been a subject of discussion in many forums, and the reviews have been mixed. Old methods of laser resurfacing, namely ablative laser resurfacing, has been associated with adverse side effects such as excessive scarring, skin irritation and redness, infection, and abnormal pigmentation is some cases. Fractional resurfacing using the new methods results in much less bleeding and scarring, and fewer and less severe side effects.

Overall, fractional resurfacing is safe and precise when administered by a qualified medical professional. Results vary for each patient, but in most cases, the improvement is appreciable. It is believed that the effects of fractional resurfacing last up to 8 years with two to three applications, depending on the case. Patients are often advised to have realistic expectations and required to follow post-treatment care to maximize the benefits of the treatment.

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